Country Profile: India



Capital New Delhi
Government Type Federal Republic
Currency Indian Rupee (INR)
Population 1,220,800,359
Total Area 1,269,212 Square Miles
3,287,263 Square Kilometres
Location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Language Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language.

Note: English has the status of subsidiary official language and is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication.

Country Reports. 2015. India Facts and Culture. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 08 October 15].

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