Country Profile: China



Capital Beijing
Government Type Communist state
Currency Renminbi yuan (RMB)
Population 1,367,485,388
Total Area 3,705,387 Square Miles
9,596,961 Square Kilometres
Location Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam
Language Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages

Country Reports. 2016. China Facts and Culture. [ONLINE] Available at:, viewed on 11 November 16

China is the world’s most populous country, with more than 1.3 billion people, and one of the world’s most powerful emerging economies. It is also considered the world’s oldest continuous civilization, with a history going back 5,000 years. While this country is very old, great changes have come rapidly over the past few decades. The country has experienced enormous economic growth, which can be measured at least partly by massive foreign direct investment – a record 117.6 billion USD in 2013, which represented a 5.3 percent increase over the previous year. The booming economy has propelled many Chinese into a high standard of living and level of prosperity, which were not previously possible.

Some changes that have occured recently in China which has economic and cultural implications include the relaxing of the country’s one-child (per family) policy which has been in force since 1970. This change is in part due to China’s relatively slow population growth rate, estimated by the CIA World Factbook at about 0.46 percent in 2013, which ranked the nation 155th in the world.

China’s vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountains, lakes, rivers and more than 14,000km of coastline. Landmarks include capital Beijing which mixes modern architecture with historic sites such as the Forbidden City palace complex and Tiananmen Square. Shanghai is a skyscraper-studded global financial center while the iconic Great Wall of China runs east-west across the country’s north.
Goin Global [ONLINE}, viewed on 11 November 16

For more travel information, employment overview and outlook (including international job openings) click on the Going Global link on the bottom right of the SwinEmploy Homepage.

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